The Donald

A vain man childishly fishing for the adoration of strangers. Being rich isn’t enough; he wants to be universally loved for his imperfections, too. Slurping at the popularity spigot, The Donald’s need for ego gratification is double the size of any ordinary adult. Never in history has such a supercilious dope been more adored. It is beyond reason. Perhaps aware of this, and sensing defection, Trump whips out his phone… 140 characters is all it takes. Tweet.

He glances out the window of his private jet at the destruction beset a once beautiful US island; it disgusts him. He retreats to his phone to check emails, but years of operant conditioning and muscle memory take over. He taps on the bird icon. “30k likes! Only.“. Trump works best knowing his base is in a frothy outrage. “Better do one more…

That’s the one! Mmmmm. That one had everything.

Favorite News Sources Across the Political Aisle

What are the most liberal-leaning and conservative-leaning news outlets?

Sometime last presidential election season I had this very thought. All kinds of dirt was being thrown around about both candidates; however, lots of it was coming from news sources I had never heard of. I probably still wouldn’t have if Twitter and Reddit didn’t exist, providing these outlandish stories a platform for mass exposure (and mass outrage).

So I could never really tell if what I was reading was from a legit source, completely spun, or flat-out fake. For example I would see a headline like:

FBI Arrests Hillary on Corruption Charges

Linking to a news outlet calling themselves “The Discovery Examiner Guardian“, or something. I thought, well… if The DEG is like the NYT, Hil-dawg is probably in deep shit. If the DEG is like Breitbart then I’m 99% sure the opposite is true.

So who the F are these guys? Like, in general.

So I googled: What are the most liberal-leaning and conservative-leaning news outlets? To my dismay I found nothing satisfying. No ranking lists curated by experts, no data driven politio-meter, nothing really. Just a bunch of anecdotes from internet people complaining that so-and-so news is like totally bias.

I guess it makes sense given that any corporation attempting to appear as “the news” is trying to woo as many people as possible into believing they are thee most credible straight-shootin’, just-the-facts-you-decide, fair-and-balanced, no-underlying-agenda organization around. So, as nice as it would be, of course Fox News isn’t going to post on their homepage something like, “We are a 8/10 on the left/right political spectrum“.

So I had an idea… Reddit created this mess; let’s see if they can help fix it.

Using Reddit API (PRAW), I wrote python script to identify the favorite news sources of two subreddit communities on opposite ends of the political aisle.

This bot scraped the url from the top daily submissions to the main pro-Trump and anti-Trump subreddit communities, essentially determining these subreddits favorite news outlets. Nota bene: the validity of these data as a litmus for liberal-leaning and conservative-leaning news rests on the assumption that generally people prefer to post and upvote stories that align-with and support their personal world view.

Without further adieu…

UPPER PANEL: pro-Trump subreddit The_Donald
LOWER PANEL: anti-Trump subreddit EnoughTrumpSpam

I cross posted this project on Reddit’s Data is Beautiful, where a Googler, Filipe Hoffa saw my post and took it to the next level. Using data studio he expanded my original idea to all of reddit, and made it interactive. It’s something really worth playing around with for a few minutes. So go check it out!.

You can grab the code I used from this gist (you really don’t want it though, it’s awful)

The Sense of Self Illusion

Someone recently posted this on reddit…

Tonight, I discovered that I am afraid of death. Never, before tonight, had I been truly afraid of it. Of course, it’s not a fun thing to think of, but I don’t know, it never really hit me as something to fear. I would sometimes think about what kind of impact I had made on the world and what effect my death would have made, but that never resulted into something. I’m a fairly happy person. I am a healthy nineteen year old. I don’t drink, I don’t smoke and don’t do any sort of tobacco. I feel that if I stick with this philosophy, I will help someone make better decisions. I want to be someone people look up to. I enjoy having a good reputation. I care for others. I have sympathy and empathy for others. I am saying this now because I don’t ever really hear it from anyone, but I hope to believe it’s true and I’m not lying to myself. Anyways, tonight I was leaving my friend’s house and they were drinking a little bit, and of course I don’t condone it, but I’m not gonna judge them for it. I’m there so that they don’t do anything stupid. So, after awhile, I decide the night is starting to end. My friends started watching a movie and I felt that I should get home. I grabbed my coat, said a subtle goodbye and left. As I’m driving along a backroad I start going up a slight hill and see a glow of carlights right over it. I tend to drive closer to the middle of backroads for safety (there was snow on the sides of the street). Anyways, since I saw the glow of the lights I shift over a little bit to make sure that I am in my lane. Then coming over the hill, right in the middle of the road, was a speeding vehicle. I knew the vehicle and the person driving, as I had just left the neighborhood that they live in. I went to high school with this person and I know that they have a history of drinking and not making great decisions. I can’t prove that they were drinking and driving, but it was late, around 1:30 am, and it was the weekend. Regardless the person was easily going 50 mph over the speed limit. The person comes very close to hitting me. I quickly move even more towards the side of the road and the car misses me. The speeding car would’ve absolutely mutilated me and my car. As I look in my rearview mirror I see the car’s breaklights turn on as they knew it was a close call. I continue on the road and start thinking about what if the person had hit me. Would I be dead? Paralyzed? Would the other driver be dead? With my adrenaline pumping, I take deep breaths and continue driving, but much slower, about 5 mph under the speed limit. I continue to think about what happened I think about my impact on the world. Have I done enough with my life to be satisfied or to have left a legacy? All I could picture was newspaper article. I don’t know why, but I started to feel scared. I don’t want to die. I don’t want to leave my family and friends. I love living. If I had died, how would it have effected my family and maybe even worse, what if I had survived this incubus. I saw myslef living a sadder life. I’d forgive the other person so that they wouldn’t have to live in pain, in hopes that they wouldn’t feel bad. I couldn’t imagine my life being the same. I thought prior to this experience that I had been living life more than others. I considered myself a good person, but what did I have to prove it? Nothing really, maybe some stories from friends and family, but who would speak highly of me other than my family and friends? What kind of person would the news article say I was? This experience has changed the way I’m looking at life. It kind of amazes me that an experience like this motivated me to write these thoughts. I believe I needed this to help me life a fuller life. I feel like I’m just reiterating, now and a lot of it’s corny, but it’s true. Tonight, I discovered that I’m affraid of death and what my death would entail. I just wanted to share this story. I don’t know if I’ll ever tell my friends or family, but I will push to be a better person and help others make better decisions. Thank you for reading this. This was my revelation.

The post had zero comments, so I decided to indulge. Here is my reply…

I can sympathize with your revelation. The very clear and lucid fear of death washes over me every once in a while. I’ve used various coping strategies over the years to deal with this unfortunate certainty.

The simplest is to just think about something else, immediately. There is no reason to deeply ponder death while you’re in a fear-of-death state of mind. And it is really easy to engage in something else; something as simple as opening reddit is enough to move on.

Another more complex coping mechanism I’ve developed is to convince myself that sense-of-self is an illusion. There is no such thing as “you”. Every day we are someone different. Our old “self” dies every moment, and a new “self” is born in the next. Imagine you have a terminal illness, but we have the technology to perfectly load your brain onto a robot. Everyone who has ever done this procedure swears it works – they feel precisely like the same person they were just prior to the transfer. Seems like a great way to live forever.

But what if the person (the human) was allowed to continue living after the transfer? Is there now two beings with an identical sense of self? Is there two… of ‘you’? If not, which one, the human or the robot, would be your host? What would you think if you woke up still in the human body, but the robot claims they are definitely the real ‘you’? What would you think if you woke up in the robot body? What if the human form was terminated during a successful transfer – was there still a person in that body that died? My answer is that self of self is an illusion, loosely formulated by a combination of memories, consciousness, attention, and an ongoing stream of sensory perceptions. For me, framing the concept of self as a fleeting moment helps mitigate fear of any death some future self will experience. I feel for that person, but it wont be me.

Lastly, a more profound and uplifting coping mechanism I use is to reflect on the awe of the universe, and existence itself. There could have easily been no universe – nothing. It’s curious to think about why anything exist at whatsoever? Why the fuck does the universe exist? And its rules are crazy. Time is relative, it can be sped up or slowed down. Time becomes warped around matter (objects with mass). Time stops at the event horizon of a black hole. A massive black hole might lead to a different universe. Another universe? Gravity pulls things together, but we have no idea what gravity is or how it does what it does. Photons travel at the speed of time. All electrons in the universe might be just one single electron moving back and forth through time. Sometimes antimatter jumps into existence, out of some parallel plane of existence. Any given vector in the vacuum void of space has some probability of generating a particle from what appears to be nothing whatsoever. Random collisions between elementary particles governed by the arbitrary laws of this universe sprouted ‘life’, and soon after a beings with metacognitive faculties. This being is strangely close synthesizing artificial life with intelligence exceeding its own cognitive faculties. Entities smarter than humans will soon be creating even smarter versions of themselves, and worlds. These worlds could be simulated on a computer, and those worlds could contain worlds of their own. Our universe could be such a simulation. Any unfathomable thing is possible. It may have already happened and it may happen again; or all possible things are happening right now, simultaneously. The universe is a grand and wondrous thing. There is absolutely no telling what comes after death, and even if it comes trillions of years from now, it will feel like a blink of an eye.